Project overview

MACIS in a nutshell

MACIS summarises what is already know about the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and develops methods to assess the potential impacts in the future. In joint co- operation with policy makers and stakeholders MACIS shows what can be done to stop biodiversity loss.

Legal background: Negative impacts on biodiversity are to be mimized

The conservation of biodiversity is a major EU commitment, highlighted through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and EU target to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010 (and to sustain it thereafter). The key conservation measure of the EU is the establishment of the Natura 2000 network, along which animal and plant species would be able to migrate freely. The EU is committed under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to develop plans for adaptation to the effects of climate change on all ecosystem sectors. EU Policy- makers have to ensure that the adverse effects of climate change on biodiversity are minimized and that alternative policy options are developed.

Climate change and the measures to adapt and mitigate climate change can have negative impacts on biodiversity

Climate change is a global driver of environmental change which has already had a considerable impact on many aspects of the environment (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC - reports, European environmental agency reports.
Other drivers, like landuse changes, demographic changes, socio-economic changes also impact biodiversity.

The growing number of scientific publications evokes the need for a comprehensive assessment

MACIS is working on a comprehensive assessment (State of the art) and focuses on the questions:

What is already know about
- the observed and the potential impacts of climate change on biodiversity?
- the impacts of adaption and mitigation measures on biodiversity?

What are the available options to prevent and minimise negative impacts for EU 25 up to the year 2050?

Through this process MACIS develops methods to identify habitats at greatest risks and to identify all habitats that buffer against negative impacts.

There are policy options to stop biodiversity loss

Together with policy makers and stakeholders MACIS (focus: climate change) and the closely linked project COCONUT identifies policy options to stop biodiversity loss due to climate and land use change.

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